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You can also use double-sided tape on your upholstered furniture, where your cat likes to scratch. Cats really don't like touching very sticky surfaces like that, and this can help them to stop using your sofa as a scratching post. Here, too, you're having their environment provide the negative experience.
The first thing you should do is buy or build cat trees and cat shelves. KatWallks has a great selection of shelves and perches for your cat, which gives him vertical territory, as well as horizontal territory, in your house. Shelves take up less space and can be more versatile than cat trees, because you don't need an elaborate set-up to give your cat some really high perches.
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Cat trees, on the other hand, might be easier for you and they're definitely better for window perches because you can put more perches in front of fewer windows. Cat trees also come with built in scratching posts.
You'll also want to give him gentle affection, such as praise and strokes or scratches on his favorite places, when he goes where you want him to. This will let him know that you consider these acceptable places for him to climb, scratch, and lounge to his heart's content, which will help to reduce his stress and maintain harmony in your home.